La clave jeroglífica aplicada a la conquista de México. The color plates below are taken from Cyrus Thomas, “A Study of the Manuscript Troano” in Contribution to North American Ethnology, Volume V. In the late 19th. A Study of the Manuscript Troano – Ebook download as PDF File .pdf), Text File Alonso Ponce. in the Coleocion de Documentos para la Historia de Eapana.

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After all, we are not yet authorized to say positively that these periods are Ahaues, or that they are even embraced in or coincide with them; still, the oft- repeated five-character day columns, and the resulting groups of years, justify us in assuming that they do at least coincide with them.

A very serious di’awback to the attempt to explain the written char- acters or hieroglyphics has been the lack on my part of a knowledge of the Maya language. If we turn to our condensed calendar, Table V, we see that these three days follow each other as shown here, and by examining the different columns we can find all the numbers here given. The serious objection to the plan of Table XXII is that it requires the Xlllth Ahau to begin with the last year of a grand cycle, which, I think, is suffi- cient to condemn it Perez’s statement bearing on this subject is as follows: This fact I mention as an apology for the comparatively few works referred to in the paper.

In other words, while the Katun or Ahau as a whole, according to the theory upon which I am now proceeding, always com- menced with a Cauac year, the twenty “counted years” in the present example begin with a Muluc year.

The codex also contains astronomical tables, although fewer than are found in the other two surviving Maya codices.

He recognized the same signs as De Rosny, but arranged them diflFerently. Tables XVIII and XIX commence with a Kan year, and are made in accordance with the theory advanced by Perez; XIX, upon the assumption that the first Ahau commenced with the fourth year of the grand cycle; XVIII, upon the theory that it began with the last year of the preceding grand cycle, as one of these two plans must be adopted to carry out his theory.

Now, I take for granted that placing the red numeral at the top of the column is equivalent to apply- ing it to each day in the column, thus: Short Guide ] in Spanish.

Codice jeroglifico Troano-americano

An examination of Tables No. Leonce Angrand, is extremely accurate.

The Dresden Codex, which is evidently similar in character to the Manuscript Troano, presents, if possi- ble, still greater difficulties to the settlement of this ques- tion, as here we find the black numeral for 19 fi’equently connected directly with the red ones.


This will be seen by making a list of the years in regular succession, so that 4 Kan shall be the 18th. This gives us The position of these periods in the grand cycle or Ahau- Katun. The Other column, same plate and division, is composed of the characters for Ahau, Cimi, Eb, Eza- nab, and Kan, with an interval of six days between each two.

Brinton in the Introduction, I will not go over the same ground here, but will confine myself to the special object in view, to wit: How to verify or disprove this inference was the first problem that presented itself.

We can then see what relation they bear to each other. These calculations are based upon the supposition that Cauac was the first year of the cycle, but the same rule will apply with Kan or any other as the first of the series. As these groups all fit into the Ahaues as I have divided them oflf, we have in this fact a strong presumption that our division is correct; still, it is proper to state here, as will be shown here- after, that all these periods will also fit into the Ahaues if the grand cycle is divided according to the theory advanced by Selior Perez.

Valentini, is in the Maya ach; in other words, it begins with the vowel a.

If trooano grand cycle was divided into Abaues of twenty-four years each, as heretofore suggested, and as shown in the annexed table XVIIit follows that the one in which this event occurred must necessai-ily have been that which I have numbered XIII, as there is no other one in the entire grand cycle that has six years remaining after the year 4 Kan. Co- guUudo places the destruction of Mayapan about of the Christian era; the Perez manuscript places it in the 8th Ahau. The original is written on a strip of Maguey ek about 14 feet long and 9 inches wide, the troaho of which is covered with a white paint or varnish, on which the characters and figures are painted in black, red, blue, and brown It is folded fan-like into thirt3″-five folds, presenting, when these are pressed together, the appearance of an ordinary octavo volume.

FAMSI – Maya Codices – The Madrid Codex

The latter author gives this term only. Now let us test this result by the two or three additional dates found on troabo, and which the authorities have failed to make agree with any explanation of the Maya calendar heretofore given. Many of his comparisons of Maya with Aztec pictographs are suggestive and merit attentive consideration; but he speaks a great deal too confidently of their supposed close relationship. That the series of years began with Cauac. Pursuing the same method with the other days, we dl the following result: This period, according to most authorities, consisted of twenty years, but accord- ing to Perez of twenty -four.


As a matter of course, each is the first year of an “Indication” or week of years; so are 1 Kan and 1 Ix in the same period, yet neither of these is thus distinguished. In this the feast, relig- ious ceremony, or whatever the date refers to, occui’s always in the same month, and so far agrees with what is left on record in reference to religious ceremonies and observances.

A good rendition of this has been made available at: According to the statement in the Perez manuscript already quoted, Chief Ajpula died in the 13th Ahau in the year 4 Kan, and there were six years wanting to complete this Ahau.

It is admitted by all who have made the comparison, that the written characters belong to the same class as those given by Landa. It is very probable this was the date of some notable event in the history of that people, and as it gives when corrected the year1 am of the opinion it relates to the destruction of Mayapan, which, according to the manuscript translated by Stephens, occurred in the 8th Ahau. First, that before the Span- iards came they made use of characters and letters, with which they wrote out their histories, their ceremonies, the order of sacrifices to their idols, and their calendars, in books made of the bark of a certain tree.

That the very large number of day columns and numerals, which form fully one-half of what may be called the written portion, are simply dates which appear to run through one entire grand cycle of years, fixing the time when festivals should be held and other religious observances take place. One omission in my paper will be observed by those who are familiar with the subject, that is, the failure on my part to notice and account for, in the Maya chronological system, the surplus days of the bissextile years.

XXV turesand some signs in the figures, they understood their matters, and could explain them and teach them. Very good black-and-white photos; 85 copies printed. This is inferred from the fact that nothing is found in it relating to fishermen, or their vessels.

Not one tdoano fact can be detected in Seiior Perez’s text by which the long established assumption of a twenty years’ cycle has been disproved. Descriptions by Spanish writers – xix 3. As the great C3”cle contains thirteen of these periods, it follows that we shall find all these numbers in it by thus dividing it.