Sicklebush (Dichrostachys cinerea (L.) Wight & Arn.) is a thorny, semi-deciduous to deciduous leguminous shrub that can reach a height of m (Orwa et al. Dichrostachys cinerea. Photo: Bart Wursten Gatsi Communal Area, Honde Valley . Dichrostachys cinerea. Photo: Bart Wursten Mukuvisi Woodland, office area. Dichrostachys cinerea is a very variable and taxonomically complex species found from Africa to Australia. It has at times been treated as several distinct species.

Author: Akinorn Malagul
Country: Pacific Islands
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Relationship
Published (Last): 16 February 2016
Pages: 364
PDF File Size: 14.98 Mb
ePub File Size: 9.77 Mb
ISBN: 711-8-91419-874-3
Downloads: 36198
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Tojalrajas

Notes on Taxonomy and Nomenclature Top of page The generic name Dichrostachys means ‘two-coloured spike’ and refers to the flowers, and the specific name ‘cinerea’ is from the Greek ‘konis’ and Latin ‘cineres’, referring to the grey hairs on the subspecies confined to India.

Local use and knowledge validation of fodder trees and shrubs browsed by livestock in Bushbuckridge area, South Africa.

Dichrostachys cinerea Marabou Thorn, Sickle Bush PFAF Plant Database

However, the thorns make the leaves difficult to eat for cattle and they tend to avoid them when they have the dichroatachys Aregawi et al. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. The roots or the leaves can be chewed and placed on the sites of snakebites and scorpion stings[ ].

Keith Coates Palgrave Trees of southern Africa, edn 3.

The PFAF Bookshop

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Plans dichrosyachys underway to exploit it as a source of biomass for renewable power generation. Bulletin of Animal Health and Production in Africa, 42 3: Seed – A fraction of seeds exhibit polyembryony with usually 2, sometimes 3, or rarely more embryos; the extent of polyembryony seems to be positively correlated with the number of seed produced[ ].


It is noted for attracting wildlife. It is used in the treatment of dysentery, headaches, toothaches and elephantiasis[].

This cheap protein source can replace commercial protein sources, especially during the dry season Smith et al. Indigenous knowledge IK ranking of available browse and grass species and some shrubs used in medicinal and ethno-veterinary practices in ruminant livestock production in Limpopo province, South Africa.

Soil Tolerances Top of page Soil drainage free seasonally waterlogged Soil reaction acid neutral Soil texture heavy light medium Special soil tolerances infertile saline. Introduction Dichrostachys cinerea is a spiny, deciduous shrub or small tree, up to 7 m high, with a dichrostwchys crown, 3 m wide. Dichrostachys cinerea is an evergreen Shrub growing to 8 m 26ft by 8 m 26ft at a medium rate. Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images Global Invasive Species Database.

Though it is drought-resistant and can be found in regions with mm annual rainfall, dichrostacbys tends to be restricted to watery places near ponds and along water courses in the Sahel Ecoport, Trees and shrubs of the Sahel, their characteristics and uses. Sicklebush Dichrostachys cinereapods, dry. Cutting and burning of the plants is not a very efficient control method, since the seeds survive in the soil, and the growth is very fast.

US Forest Service, It is difficult to eradicate as it shoots again from portions of root[]. When in flower, D.

Dichrostachys cinerea

Due to its generally small dimensions, its utilization is limited to making items such as walking sticks, handles, spears and tool handles[ ]. Tanniniferous Dichrostachys cinerea fruits do not require detoxification for goat nutrition: Polyembryony has been observed in the seeds World Agroforestry Centre, Chinese latern tree; marabu thorn; mazabu Spanish: The propagation and cultivation of indigenous trees and shrubs on the highveld.


Leaves bipinnate, cm long, with pairs of pinnae, each one with pairs of folioles mm long. It is used as walking sticks, handles, dichrostachyd, and tool handles. Notes on Natural Enemies Top of page Evans reported that the rust fungus, Uredo deformis, has been observed on D. Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands?

Ecology, synonyms, common names, distributions Pacific as well as globalmanagement and impact information. All plant pages have dichrostachya own unique code. It is useful for revegetation and intercropping Ecocrop, Common Name Marabou Thorn, Sickle Bush Family Fabaceae USDA hardiness Known Hazards Plant has spines or sharp edges; use extreme caution when handling Habitats Usually on poor, occasionally clayey soils, in brushwood, thickets, hedges, teak forest and grassland to elevations of 1, metres[ cunerea, ].

Means of Movement and Dispersal Top of page Seeds may be dispersed by wind and water. Royal Botanic Gardens Kew. The species name cinerea means grey-haired, referring to dcihrostachys hairs on the typical species in India. Behaviour of goats, sheep and cattle and their selection of browse species on natural pasture in a Sahelian area.