farmacología básica introducción. concepto, evolución histórica, subdivisión de la farmacología concepto la farmacología es aquella ciencia que trata de los. T.4 Farmacologia. Course: Farmacologia ().p2hv{}.p2hv. stopoverlappingourstyleplease{position:absolute;top:0;left:0;bottom:0;width: px;padding Antibacterianos/farmacologia Bandagens Biguanidas/farmacologia Infecção Hospitalar/prevenção & controle Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem.

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Recently the use of a dressing soaked in a 0.

The cutoff points for the intermediate stage of hyperglycemia denoted by the terms impaired fasting glucose IFG and impaired glucose tolerance IGT have been adjusted to conform to the new diagnostic criteria for diabetes mellitus. Dressings soaked in polyhexamethylene biguanide PHMB ]. Prevalence of diabetes, impaired farmacologis glucose, and impaired glucose tolerance in U.


Its wide anti-micro-bacterial range prevents infections in surgical, acute or chronic wounds and in any type of intra-corporal access susceptible to infection, such as by means of intravascular catheters, tracheotomies, or thoracic tubes.

Any method may be used for the repeat test. Slama et al, Lancetp During treatment with the insulin secretagogues, a reduction of glycosylated hemoglobin HbA1c by approximately 1. Sobre projeto SlidePlayer Termos de uso. Thin individuals with or without altered glucose tolerance have normal basal insulin levels, while obese persons have elevated basal insulin levels regardless of glucose tolerance status.

The main risk associated with the use of metformin is the potential for lactic acidosis, which is increased in patients with renal impairment or hepatic disease and cardiac or respiratory insufficiency. The sulfonylureas may be given once or twice daily, while repaglinide, the only agent in the meglitinides group available in the United States, is given three times daily.

The significance of basal insulin levels in the evaluation of the insulin response to glucose in diabetic and nondiabetic subjects.

Insulin levels in the fasting state are dependent upon the degree of obesity. The main risk accompanying sulfonylurea treatment is the potential for prolonged hypoglycemia. Plasma lipid values are based on those recommended by the American Diabetes Association and the National Cholesterol Education Program.


Minor gastrointestinal side effects, such as diarrhea and nausea, may be alleviated by lowering the dose. Weight gain is the most notable side effect; allergy occurs rarely. Bigjanidas, obese individuals with type 2 diabetes have higher post-glucose insulin levels than do thin individuals with normal glucose tolerance, farmaco,ogia demonstrating the persistence of the effect of obesity on insulin secretion.

To confirm the diagnosis, repeat testing on a subsequent day bivuanidas required. As opposed to porous gauze dressings, a PHMB dressing remains active during 72 hours even in wet environs. Three Methods The most recent diagnostic criteria for diabetes specify that the diagnosis may be made via one of three methods: It is generally given one to three times daily; therapy is initiated at a low dose, which is gradually raised.

Plasma Glucose Cutoff Points The most recent criteria for the diagnosis of diabetes include new plasma glucose cutoff points. When an oral glucose tolerance test OGTT is performed, the 2-hour plasma glucose PG test is used to make the diagnosis. On the one hand, this PHMB soaked dressing inhibits bacterial growth in the areas where it is applied and, on the other hand, it prevents the penetration of microorganisms through the dressing itself. Basic Characteristics of the Sulfonylureas and the Meglitinides The insulin secretagogues, which include the sulfonylureas and the faracologia, lower plasma glucose by augmenting insulin secretion by the pancreatic b-cells.

A PHMB dressing can also be used as a primary frmacologia to treat a chronic wound since it does not interfere in the process of tissue reepithelization. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policyincluding cookie policy.

American Diabetes Association; Rev Enferm ; 29 6: Prevalence rates rose with age, with a plateau after farmacologiz 75 years. Data from American Diabetes Association. bifuanidas

DIABETES MELLITUS Farmacologia Nutrição – ppt carregar

Two major forms of diabetes are biguanidqs in the most recent classification scheme, which was developed by The Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus, an international group, and has been adopted by both the American Diabetes Association fafmacologia the World Health Organization. Adaptado do site da Sociedade Brasileira de Diabetes 2. Gestational diabetes mellitus is a fourth type in this new classification system.


To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. Standards of medical care for patients with diabetes mellitus.

After a glucose challenge, both thin and obese individuals with type 2 diabetes demonstrate reduced early insulin responses when compared with their respective control groups.

This agent works only in the presence of insulin, which may be of endogenous farmacloogia exogenous origin. The highest prevalence rates Summary of the second report of the NCEP expert panel on the detection, evaluation, and treatment of high blood cholesterol.

Basic Characteristics of Metformin Metformin, the sole available representative of the biguanide class in the United States, decreases hepatic glucose production. Type 2 diabetes includes those cases that result from insulin resistance accompanied by a defect in insulin secretion.

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Mechanisms of Action The six classes of therapeutic agents used in the management of type 2 diabetes mellitus may be divided into three groups by their basic mechanism of action. Efficacy of metformin in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Traditionally gauze dressings have been used to cover and protect wounds although their porous structure does not constitute an efficient barrier against bacterial penetration, especially when a dressing becomes wet due to the effects of a wound oozing and draining.

The hyperglycemia may be the result of defects in insulin secretion or insulin sensitivity, or both.