ASTM D and ASTM E96 both address the determination of the water vapor transmission and permeance of coatings. ASTM E96/E96M. ASTM D Standard Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Organic Coating Films. Buy ASTM D R TEST METHODS FOR WATER VAPOR TRANSMISSION OF ORGANIC COATING FILMS from SAI Global.

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What does the magnitude of the permeance indicate? Your email address will not be published.

The scopes of the standards differ considerably. What are the formulas and units for WVT, permeance, and permeability? First the WVT is determined. ASTM D does not discuss this correction. The permeance and permeability may be calculated from the WVT.

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints | KTA UniversityKTA University

Water in the gas phase is invisible. The films may be free films or they may be applied to porous substrates.

What is water vapor? They run essentially the same kinds of tests as in the ASTM methods, but do so instrumentally. These values are for use in design, manufacture, and marketing. If the container is filled with desiccant, the method is called the dry cup method or the desiccant method. The system may at first gain or lose weight more quickly, and then settle into a constant or steady-state rate of weight change after a couple of days, or longer, depending on the type of material being tested.


How precise is the testing? Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. If a sample is tested twice by the dry cup method, and each test consists of three replicate trials, the difference between the permeance results from the two tests are expected to be less than a quarter of a perm if the permeance is less than 1 perm. If the cup contains desiccant, the dish gains water weight over the course of the test, so the plot points upward.

Absorption of water may make a coating less dense, thus allowing moisture to diffuse easily and cause a much higher moisture vapor transmission rate, WVTR than would occur in drier environments. Otherwise blistering and peeling will likely occur. ASTM D covers the evaluations of films of coatings: Link to Active This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.

Verify that the units are the same Method: WVT is determined by sealing a free film of the test material to the top of a container that is filled with water left or desiccant right.

In the gas phase, water molecules move very rapidly and are not bound together. Water vapor is the gaseous phase of water.

It can be used to test paper, plastic films, other sheet materials, fiberboards, gypsum and plaster products, wood products, and plastics. Inspection Instruments Pipeline Coatings — Volume 2: The permeability is calculated by multiplying the permeance by the thickness of the material. In some services, for example, exterior wood and masonry, the coating has to allow moderate amounts of water vapor to pass through the film without damage to it.


In general, the more d11653 a coating is to the passage of moisture as is typical of many water-reducible coatings, the greater its affinity for water and the greater the increase in transmission when tested in and exposed to high humidities. The Water Vapor Transmission WVTpermeance, and permeability are very closely related in that one is calculated from the other.

The Significance of the Permeability of Paints

The weight data is plotted versus time. Leave a Reply Cancel reply Your email address will not be published. The answer to the question posed is x1653 on the substrate and the service environment.

Hence, the water vapor transmission characteristics of coatings are important in assessing their performance in practical use. Qstm WVT is determined by dividing the rate of weight change, which is the slope of the plot, by the area of the test specimen. We use cookies to understand how you use our site and to improve your experience. Then the permeance is calculated by dividing the WVT by the vapor pressure across ashm material under test.

All paint and coatings are permeable to water, just to different degrees.

In either case, the slope of the plot is the rate of weight change and its units are mass per time. Factors for conversion are stated in